Cumulative layout shift is a core tool that allows shifting of web page elements, while the webpage is still downloading. It is calculated by summoning all the layout shifts that are not caused by the user’s interaction.
The layout shift occurs any time the visible element changes its position.
It has become an important variable to measure the experience of the user and therefore it is an important factor to rank pages.
The various kinds of elements that constitute a page shift include fonts, videos, buttons, and other content. It has been very important to minimize the CLS as it is an important element in the CLS experience. A poor CLS indicates more page shifts, font shifts show that a person is having a bad experience.
Let’s understand what is a gold CLS score
A CLS score varies from 0-1 depending upon the page shift. It can be a 0 if the page is fully still and static but if the Shift gets higher it moves toward 1.
A CLS score of 0 shows that the page is more static and stable.
Let’s see what google uses to bifurcate the CLS performance.
Below 0.1- good,
Between 0.1-0.25- needs improvement,
Above 0.25- poor.
Google suggests maintaining the CLS below 0.1 for a better experience for the users.
Why should one worry about the CLS?
As we discussed earlier, it is an important ranking factor that decides whether users are having a good time or a bad time, and if they are having bad experiences with the CLS then, one should at the very moment change the course of action.
We know a high SLM score shows your users a bad experience browsing the web page. Therefore negative SLM for some time affects the purchasing of the users.
They can eventually end up giving bad reviews about the companies that might disclose the users from buying the website.
Why CLS happens
There are five reasons according to Google why CLs happen.
1. Using images without dimension
Generally, images and videos need to have a definite dimension declared in the HTML. While using images one should make sure of using the same ratio for different image sizes for different viewpoints.
Ads causing CLS is considered quite tricky to deal with, one way to handle ads causing CLS is to place the events where the ad is going to show.
Otherwise, there are two solutions if there is a lack of inventory and it doesn’t show up at the place.
If the element is not showing the ad then you can fill the space by placing it as an alternative ad barrier.
The content that is shown on the web page can be linked to a youtube video or a tweet that will display the video as an embedded object placed.
Another way to cause SLM is to download a web font that can cause (FOIA) flash of invisible text. It is a way to prevent using preload in the link.
5. Wait for the network response before updating
Cumulative shifts can sneak in during the development stage as they slip through causing assets needed to render to the page already loaded on the browser.
This is so smooth that next time if a developer visits the website under development they will not notice the layout shift as the page elements have already been downloaded.
Does CLs score even affect your SEO?
Since Cumulative layout shift is a major ranking factor, which means the CLS score will likely affect your SEO. But the effect would be minor, as the shift score along with other web elements may define the traffic on the web page you get from Google and other search engines.
Layout shift is related to user behavior optimized metrics, on the other hand, Google claims that it doesn’t use the metric to assess the web page like bounce rate to rank the web page.
Many other search engines like bing admit to using those metrics while ranking the web pages.
Therefore by analyzing the above reasons one should optimize the CLS and should take priority in the SEO without neglecting it.
How to fix CLS:
- Using fonts downloaded online, they are the main cause of (FOIT) and (FOUT), unless the browser downloads the above fonts from the server it shows a blank place until the custom font is loaded.
After downloading the font and displaying it, it starts moving a lot which is called (FOIT) flashes of the invisible text.
Another situation is when the browser downloads the fonts and displays them until the custom one is downloaded. It is known as (flashes of the unstyled text).To avoid the above situation you can use the font, display values such as block, swap.
- Include height and width to the images and videos. But now it has become less popular because new developers started using CSS to resize their images.
This allows space to be allocated only after the browser starts downloading the image. It is better to use an aspect ratio to resize the images.
Aspect ratio is the ratio to the height to the width for example (16:9).
Aspect ratio allows the browser beforehand to calculate the space between the images and in this way it reduces the risk of layout shifts. If one has to deal with the responsive image then one can use the screen behavior optimized set attribute, as it allows one to set several photo sizes and allow the browser to show the best possible size to the viewers.
- Another way to fix CLs is to inject dynamic content. Dynamically injected content should never be allowed to appear above the content that has already been downloaded.
The only possible exception to this rule is when the Change has already been caused as a result of users interaction.
Therefore CLS is a core web vital metric that allows you to diagnose, why your users are unhappy with your website and what you can do to improve their experience.
To stay up to date with the latest trends you should enroll yourself in the Incrementors web solutions best website marketing agency so that you are always a step ahead of the competition.
Author BIO – Shiv Gupta started his journey in the digital marketing world at the age of 17. He grabbed deep knowledge of the industry and earned multiple awards. Incrementors was founded by him to provide the best marketing solution to struggling businesses with a goal to help them achieve higher sales and conversions. Incrementors don’t give fluff or “high-level” advice. They just give an insanely actionable plan that works.